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The Mantis Menagerie

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About The Mantis Menagerie

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  • Location
    United States
  • Interests
    Lepidoptera, Mantodea, Coleoptera (particularly Dynastinae and Lucanidae), Blattodea, Orthoptera, Amblypygi, Solifugae, Uropygi, Diplopoda, and Chilopoda

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  1. The Mantis Menagerie

    BDFB Larva starting to Pupate

    I think Zophobas morio is a little bit complex to raise since they usually do not pupate in the presence of other larvae. Mealworms, on the other hand, can be raised by sticking them in a bin with some oats and leaving them for a couple months.
  2. The Mantis Menagerie

    Deilelater physoderus

    Deilelater physoderus seems to be the prevalent species of bioluminescent click beetle in Texas. Has anyone ever reared this species? I would assume that it would have the same care as a Pyrophorus sp. beetle? I am looking to start a colony as they seem to be the most common member of the tribe Pyrophorini in the US.
  3. The Mantis Menagerie

    faster fermentation through pyrolysis?

    If you want to try this idea (Note: I don't know much about the nature and importance of lignin in beetle substrate as I am more familiar with the carnivorous insects such as Alaus oculatus), then you could try heating the wood in an autoclave or pressure cooker (maybe the added pressure might help denature the lignin?). Otherwise, I agree with the other users who have posted, heating fine wood chips to above 200-degrees Celsius is probably a bad idea.
  4. The Mantis Menagerie

    BDFB Larva starting to Pupate

    Just to clarify: are you saying this is the first beetle larvae you have ever raised (we will assume mealworms don't count)? If so, that is incredible. I have looked at trying to breed them before, and it looked like it was nearly impossible to successfully raise them.
  5. The Mantis Menagerie

    Goliath beetle

    My ultimate goal if I am able to breed sufficient numbers of beetles and other arthropods would be to sell them (either alive or as dead specimens). I have been told by Dr. Wehling that I might be able to get the commercial entomological supply permits for a few species which would allow me to sell to non-permit holders similar to the way Josh's Frogs' permits work for feeder insects (don't get your hopes up though, he did not mention exotic beetles) Otherwise, as long as both the seller and the buyer have permits to move the arthropod between the relevant states, then it is legal to sell them. Currently, I do not know of any other private individual who has permits, so I would probably try to sell captive-reared invertebrates to insectariums. Because they are captive bred, I should be able to sell them cheaper since I will not be paying the high importation prices. The only problem I foresee in this plan is the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). I know the institutions that are members of AZA have to buy from AZA-approved sources (I heard that they want to make sure everything is done in compliance with CITES, ESA, and just sustainably in general). I am hoping to join the Terrestrial Invertebrate Taxon Advisory Group (TITAG) next year. @Beetle-Experience, I know you are a TITAG member, does that membership make it easier to work with AZA institutions?
  6. The Mantis Menagerie

    Goliath beetle

    Vague and open-ended describe most of the USDA laws I have come across. Unless you violate the permit conditions, you should just be able to renew your permit every three years.
  7. The Mantis Menagerie

    Goliath beetle

    I am looking at converting a closet into small containment area for the exotics (it just needs a more secure door and a couple minor adjustments). When I described the closet to Dr. Wehling he said that it sounded promising. It even has a separate, smaller space at the back of the closet that I think would be perfect for storing fermenting substrates and feeder insects. I would love to see deregulation of many of the large rhino and stag beetles, and I don't think they would become pests other than in places like south Florida (which I think already has rules on exotics in addition to the USDA regulations). Hopefully, the USDA will agree, and they will remove the permit requirements eventually.
  8. The Mantis Menagerie

    Goliath beetle

    Which other species are you working on? I have talked with Dr. Wehling, and I am trying to get the PPQ 526 permits to own Dorcus titanus, Chalcosoma atlas, Dynastes hercules, Phalacrognathus muelleri, Megasoma elephas, Mormolyce phyllodes and a wide variety of other exotic arthropods including about forty species of mantids, several large millipedes, and comet moths. I will have to see how it works out, but it is looking like I might be able to get the permits.
  9. The Mantis Menagerie

    Goliath beetle

    Since you offered and I keep forgetting to ask Dr. Wehling directly, have the permit requirements been lifted on either G. orientalis or G. albosignatus, or are there still only three species that are exempt from permits?
  10. The Mantis Menagerie

    Goliath beetle

    No, as I said, people are starting to breed them in the US. I am not sure how many people have done imports themselves, though.
  11. The Mantis Menagerie

    Goliath beetle

    The USDA recently removed the permit requirement on them and a few people imported some and are starting to breed them in the US.
  12. The Mantis Menagerie

    Goliath beetle

    I know this thread is old, but I thought I would add a few details and ask a question that I did not see addressed above. First, I think I have found a thorough guide for rearing these beetles at http://www.naturalworlds.org/goliathus/manual/Goliathus_breeding_1.htm. Second, I have talked with one of several pioneers in Goliathus rearing, Jonathan Lai, and he recommended a high protein fish food since it has less fat than dog food (he uses Hai Feng Alife koi pellets). Third, Goliathus pupal cells are constructed in clay not sand. Finally, I read in this thread about some people trying to prevent mites in the larval chambers by not using coconut coir, and I have always used coconut coir with minimal issues. Obviously, Goliathus larvae require a lot of effort to rear, and one doesn't want to take chances with something harming them. I have never had issues, however, with mites in the coconut coir harming my beetle larvae. Is it possible that the mites could be beneficial in a way similar to how mites benefit some species of millipedes like the Archispirostreptus? If it would still be a bad idea to allow the mites to live in the enclosure, would autoclaving affect coconut fiber in any way or is freezing better?
  13. The Mantis Menagerie

    Lucanus elaphus hibernation

    Would the fridge (38-degrees) be okay for hibernation? Does The Eastern Eyed Click beetle also require a hibernation period? I have one that just emerged.
  14. The Mantis Menagerie

    Lucanus elaphus hibernation

    Does Lucanus elaphus require a hibernation period? I have a male that just eclosed a few days ago after less than a month in his pupa. He seems active, and his exoskeleton has hardened and looks normal (although one of his wings didn't expand properly). Should I put him in the fridge (is that too cold), or should I just keep him at room temperature and try to find him a mate? This is the first large beetle I have ever raised to an adult.